Democracy: Presidential or Parliamentary?

Democracy - Presidential or Parliamentary by Ahmed Necip YILDIRIM in
Democracy - Presidential or Parliamentary by Ahmed Necip YILDIRIM in

By Ahmed Necip YILDIRIM

What we should do for living together in a peaceful way?

Democracy is not the apparatus for the rule of one group over another. It is a mechanism which is necessary for keeping the balance between all social groups. In democracies the system of government must be established under the rule of law. That Law which must be outlined in a way that does not prefer one group over the other.

Democracies rest upon fundamental principles, not uniform practices.

Presidential; semi-presidential or parliamentary; whatever the type of the democratic governmental system there are certain undisputable principles of democracy that must be defended regardless of the type of governmental system. Namely the balance of power; rule of law; freedom of speech; free press; government by the majority (coupled with individual and minority rights); free and fair elections; protection of basic human rights… etc.

As long as these values are firmly established, the type of the governmental system does not make much difference.

The most crucial parameter is the rule of law, which defines, establishes and protects the political and governmental system. The law should be codified in a way that establishes neutrality of the political system: Governments must be subject to the rule of law; all citizens must be ensured that they receive equal protection under the law and that their rights are protected by the legal system.

Constitution and all other arrangements have always been defined by those who hold the power. This has been done in a way that consolidates the position of the ruling group and guarantees the permanent control of the ruling group over the political system.

In such an undemocratic apparatus “the path to the power” becomes an impasse for those who are outside the system. If a group cannot find democratic and legitimate ways for reaching the power, they will have to look for alternative ways.

Democratic system is necessary for everybody. Whoever gets the power in hand, acts just to save the day. Bloodshed and turmoil will never stop unless we keep the law and governmental system above all political and ideological considerations.

Each and every individual living across Middle East must start a struggle for democracy, rule of law, equality of all citizens before the law and most importantly respect for the dignity of all individuals.

By Ahmed Necip YILDIRIM
(Originally published in Turkey Tribune)